Constructing a Lamen for Conjuration

Recently, I had someone ask me for help in creating a lamen for use with the Trithemian conjuration ritual.  While the original text doesn’t go into details about it, it says that “the pentacle may be either wrote on clean virgin parchment, or engraven on a square plate of silver and suspended from thy neck to the breast”.  In other words, the lamen used in conjuration is a type of pentacle or talisman worn, and this talisman is associated with the spirit to be conjured by writing the name and seal of the spirit upon the lamen.   It’s very similar to wearing the seal of the demon to be conjured according to the Lemegeton Goetia, so the idea is the same, though its execution is a little different.

For one, the lamen used in this conjuration has thirteen names of God written around the edge; I’ve explained these names in an earlier post.  Within the names of God is the name of the spirit, its seal, a hexagram, and at least four pentagrams.  The original form of the lamen, say for the angel Michael according to Trithemius and Fr. Rufus Opus, has it follow the general pattern:

Lamen of Michael, angelic governor of the Sun

Here, the name of the spirit is written twice, once in Hebrew (Celestial, in this case) outside and above the hexagram, and once in Roman script inside the hexagram with the seal, with four pentagrams surround the hexagram.  Why four?  It’s unclear, but we have a strong hint from Cornelius Agrippa (book IV, chapter 10) (emphasis mine)

Now the Lamen which is to be used to invoke any good spirit, you shall make after this maner; either in metal conformable, or in new wax, mixt with species and colours conformable: or it may be made in clean paper, with convenient colours: and and the outward form or figure thereof may be square, circular, or triangular, or of the like sort, according to the rule of the numbers: in which there must be written the divine names, as well the general names as the special. And in the centre of the Lamen, let there be drawn a character of six corners (Hexagonus); in the middle whereof, let there be written the name and character of the Star, or of the Spirit his governour, to whom the good spirit that is to be called is subject. And about this character, let there be placed so many characters of five corners (Pentagonus), as the spirits we would call together at once. And if we shall call onely one spirit, nevertheless there shall be made four Pentagones, wherein the name of the spirit or spirits, with their characters, is to be written. Now this table ought to be composed when the Moon in increasing, on those days and hours which then agree to the Spirit. And if we take a fortunate star herewith, it will be the better. Which Table being made in this manner, it is to be consecrated according to the rules above delivered.

So it seems like the spirit in the hexagram isn’t actually the spirit we conjure, but rather the ruler of the spirit.  So, if we were to call upon Nakhiel, the intelligence of the Sun, we still have Michael’s name and seal in the hexagram and the name and seal of Nakhiel in all four pentagrams.  If we were to call upon the intelligence Nakhiel, spirit Sorath, and three angels from the choir of Virtues, we’d have five pentagrams around the hexagram, each with a different name and seal according to the spirits we summon.  Considering the size of the lamen, this gets way too complicated way too fast.  It’s easier to simply deal with the spirit ruling over the sphere we’re coming in contact with and have them in the conjuration to bring the other spirits we wish to commune with.  For some reason, though, there should always be at least four pentagrams.  Why?  It’s never really said, but the number four has plenty of oomph in it, so maybe it’s just a numerological thing; it’s unclear.

So why do we have the name of the spirit both in Hebrew and in Roman outside and inside the hexagram?  It’s never really said, and both I and Donald Tyson (who published an updated version of Agrippa’s Books of Occult Philosophy with notes and commentary) think this is an error, or at least unnecessary duplication.  In either case, the name should be the same no matter what script you use.  If one uses Hebrew on the outside and Roman on the inside, the names should accord given the writing system they’re written in, only using Roman script inside the hexagram and some other script outside.  I think they should be different scripts, so if the script used originally for the spirit was Roman, you might consider the use of Theban script outside the hexagram.  It gets real crazy real fast, admittedly.

Because of the confusion with the designs, between the number of pentagrams to use and what names should go where and written in which writing system, I decided to come up with my own version of the lamen, based more on Solomonic and Goetic practice.  This was a while back, and I wrote a post about it before, but my versions have worked fine and clear for me.  For example, contrast the following lamen of Michael to the prior one:

Lamen of Michael, angelic governor of the Sun

The differences between this lamen style and the Trithemian one aren’t that many, really, but they’re important:

  • The name of the spirit is written in another ring around a central circle using only one language most appropriate for the spirit
  • Always use six pentagrams around the arms of the hexagrams, points facing outward.
  • No Romanization of the spirit’s name.
  • Center hexagram is embiggened and centered in the central circle.
  • Godnames rotated 90° so that El is aligned at the top.

To reduce confusion, I only write the name of the spirit once around the hexagram and pentagrams, using the inside of the hexagram for the spirit itself and leaving the pentagrams blank.

One thing that can be clearly deduced from Agrippa and Trithemius is how to make the lamen.  For timing, the lamens are to be made while the Moon is waxing in a planetary day and hour appropriate to the spirit.  Thus, lamens for spirits of the Sun should be made on Sundays in an hour of the Sun, those of Mars should be made on Tuesdays in an hour of Mars, and so forth; this is pretty simple, and fairly basic as far as talismanic creation goes.  As for materials, this is where you can really go crazy; I use heavy fancy résumé paper, color the border with gold leaf, and color the insides of the stars and hexagrams according to that planet’s associated colors per the Golden Dawn color rules.

New Lamen Collection

I use simple circles for my lamen designs, though I’ve made other sets before that use different polygons whose number of sides accord with the numbers of the planets, e.g. a triangle for Saturn, a pentagon for Mars, and a nonagon for the Moon.  I use a circular shape since I have a circular wooden picture frame I modified to act as a lamen holder, but having your lamens be punched with a hole in the top is also totally workable.  Instead of paper, you might use parchment, or you might go really fancy and use colored wax made with essential oils of herbs associated with the planet, or go all out and make silver, gold, or other metallic lamens that accord with the planet.  While this isn’t strictly necessary (I haven’t had problems using even plain uncolored copy paper lamens), it’ll help over time to strengthen the contact between you and the spirit, but so would putting more effort with a simpler construction.  Of course, if the spirit isn’t planetary or doesn’t really care, you can use whatever method you want for making the lamen so long as it works for the spirit.

So what about the seals inside the hexagrams themselves?  It’s easy to find seals for Lemegeton goetic demons or the angels of the planets, but what about the seals for some arbitrary spirit?  It can get awkward, I admit, if you only have a name and no seal.  One route you can go by is using some sort of sigil generator to make a seal for the spirit based on its name; if the name is in Hebrew, you’d use the Golden Dawn Rosy Cross sigil wheel, and if it’s in Greek, you might try my own sigil wheel for the Greek alphabet based on stoicheiometric principles.  If the spirit is associated with a particular planet, you might use the qamea (magic square) of that planet to generate the names, which is how Agrippa gets his seals for the planetary intelligences and spirits (book II, chapter 22).  If you have any familiarity with modern magic techniques, you might make a simple sigil based on the letters themselves a la chaos magic.  Alternatively, you might not use any seal for the spirit at all, but actually ask for a seal directly from the spirit themselves; this is my approach to them, and how I got my seals for the elemental archangels.

Don’t forget that, despite their role in conjuration, lamens are simply talismans, and should be made according to the same rules and upheld to the same maintenance you’d use for other talismans.  These talismans will help link you to the spirit and its sphere to aid in conjuration, communion, and communication, and so should be made with that spirit and sphere in mind.  Although it’s traditional to wear the lamen in conjuration, I’ve seen some magicians (including Fr. Rufus Opus in his more modern style of conjuration) just use a metal talisman placed on the Table of Practice itself, so you still have freedom to experiment here.  Make the lamen with the spirit you want to communicate with in mind, following a simple premade layout for names and seals, and you’ll be good to go.  You might want to wear it, place it on the conjuration circle itself under the scrying medium, or simply set a candle atop it; so long as you use the lamen, you’ll be bringing the spirit down for conjuration.

22 responses

      • Well, that’s my question, what is the balance between following the script of the ones who came before and feeling your way forward. I mean sometimes I see a symbol and I just feel that it needs a tweak so it will be just right.

        • I don’t really know what to answer. I think of the conjuration like making a formal phone call to a CEO: you have to go through the proper channels, speak to the right authorities, show the proper credentials, make sure you’re calling at the right time, and so forth. In the conjuration, you learn how to interact with the spirit as they set the tone, as any conversation with a respected elder might go. You talk for as long as you need and as long as the spirit is willing to talk. As you build up a relationship, though, you can make more informal calls just as you would a friend you’ve known for some time, like shooting out a mental “hey” to the spirit or going to visit them in the astral without conjuration.

          As a rule, I always perform rituals as close to the original specifications as I can reasonably manage. I let experience be my teacher here. After I get comfortable with the rituals passed down to us, then and only then might I experiment with the method for improvement, based on other things I know that work, asking the spirits for advice, and divination, then actually try it out and see whether it is better or not. Intuition doesn’t really come into play except for brainstorming unless it’s guided by or asked from spirits.

          • I agree with the importance of ritual, although personally I have trouble sticking to rules. I generally just wing it. Although I have to admit that I’ve never had a practice of calling the named ones, just a few encounters by chance? Nevertheless I do think the rituals need adaptations, we live in different times. Just the presence of electricity around creates frequencies that were not there before. Even if you turn all electrical appliances off the is still voltage in the cables. In the end it is more intention that counts, rituals help the mind learn and attune to the needed frequencies, it is a tool not an end. I do most things by intuition only, but I recognize I am lacking some structure. Balance.

            • Rules are helpful for structure; they inform and guide. They’re not the be-all end-all, of course, and one should evolve after understanding what the rules do and why they were made in the first place. Otherwise, you’re just trying to be original and reinventing the wheel at best, or botching something and being inappropriately appropriative at worst. Let the rules and one’s experience guide you, don’t just up and change stuff outright, is what I advise.

              While some things may require adaptation (like how the Abramelin operation can be adapted to one’s modern 40hr/week life), many things have never changed. There have always been radio waves, gamma waves, electricity, and the like, since these are natural phenomena naturally produced. How we harness them may have changed, but very little of human life itself changes; we still need to eat, sleep, have sex, have fun, and communicate. The difference in means we have for these compared to those 100 or 1000 years ago doesn’t really matter; while we may change, the spirits don’t always do so. Rituals no matter how strict or lax are helpful, but it helps more to understand what those before us did so we can do more based off their accumulated experience, method, and knowledge.

              If you’re lacking structure, try giving set rules a dedicated effort and see where it gets you.

          • Pls, how can I get into this parting with any spirit, is there any special ritual I need being the 1st time or I can just start with something.. I need initiation and guide and what to start with my guiding spirit

  1. Pingback: Search Term Shoot Back, March 2014 | The Digital Ambler

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    • Follow the instructions as given in the Lesser Key of Solomon: craft a metal lamen in the appropriate metal, day, and hour with the seal of the spirit on one side, and the Pentagonal Figure of Solomon on the other side.

    • Do you mean a spirit of a person? “Last names” or family names are a concept that only applies to people like you and me, and even then, not every human being (now or ever) has a last name. If they have one, use it! It’s part of their name, after all. If they don’t, try to use some sort of matronym, like “John son of Sally”.

      If it’s a spirit that’s not human, then just use whatever their name is.

        • If they have a last name, use it! If not, find some way to refer to them, whether it’s by their ancestry (or your ancestral connection to them, if one exists), their hometown or profession, their mother’s name, or so forth.

          • hey, i want to summon Foras, a Goetic demon, can you help me on the instructions? I have the book the lesser key of solomon and ive read it all, but i dont know how to do the materials and it isnt that clear and understanding to me. please email me at
            thank you

            • If you own the Lesser Key of Solomon (aka Lemegeton Goetia), then give it another read, take it slowly, and follow the instructions. The (proper) Key of Solomon can help with some ideas for making the tools, even if it is an entirely separate grimoire that focuses on other works. Additionally, the other books of the Lemegeton (which are more than just the usual Goetia everyone thinks about) can also help.

              If you’d like further guidance, then I’d ask you book a consultation with me, which you can do from my Services page.

    • Don’t forget that Mercury rules not just quicksilver (i.e. liquid mercury), but all alloys. While it does say in the Lemegeton Goetia that the seals of presidents (including Foras) are to be made in mercury, this can also be pewter, an alloy that involves mercury, or just any old alloy or mixture metals (though avoid an alloy that’s specifically copper and silver, to avoid confusion with earls).

      Alternatively, just use paper, which is probably more cost effective unless you’re truly intending on making metal seals for the rest of the guys, too. In the Key of Solomon (book I, chapter 18), there are plenty of other alternatives you can use, using paper or wax made in “mixed colors” for Mercury.

  3. Mr. My name is Kelvin and I’m in need of an experienced one to guide me through the sixth and seventh book of Moses,although I have the book and have read all inside and understand but still need an experienced one to perform the action can you please guide me to this favor…..?

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